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Issue No.01 - January-March (1988 vol.10)
pp: 7-18
<p>The UNIVAC SHORT CODE, the first example of a high level programming language actually intended to be used with an electronic computer was proposed by John W. Mauchly in July 1949. SHORT CODE was implemented as an interpreter by W.F. Schmitt and was first run on UNIVAC I Serial 1 in 1950. A revised version prepared in 1952 by A.B. Tonik and J.R. Logan still exists and is described with some examples. Some of Mauchly's thoughts on programming at that time are set forth in a previously unpublished fragment attached as an appendix.</p>
William F. Schmitt, "The UNIVAC SHORT CODE", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.10, no. 1, pp. 7-18, January-March 1988, doi:10.1109/MAHC.1988.10004
1. Auerbach, A. A., J. P. Eckert, Jr., R. F. Shaw, J. R. Weiner, and L. D. Wilson. January 1952. "The BINAC." Proceedings of the I.R.E., pp. 12-29.
2. Backus, J. 1979. The History of FORTRAN I, II, and IIIAnnals of the History of Computing1,1, pp. 21-37.
3. Burks, A. W. and A. R. Burks. 1981. The ENIAC: First General-Purpose Electronic Computer.Annals of the History of Computing3,4, pp. 310-399.
4. Logan, J. R. 1952, "Preliminary Exposition UNIVAC SHORT CODE." Remington Rand Inc., Eckert-Mauchly Division Report.
5. Sammet, J. E. 1969.Programming Languages: History and Fundamentals. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice Hall.
6. Stern, N. 1979. The BINAC: A Case Study in the History of TechnologyAnnals of the History of Computing1,1, pp. 9-20.
7. Stern, N. 1981.From ENIAC to UNIVAC, Bedford Mass., Digital Press.
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