Issue No.02 - July-December (2006 vol.5)
Osman Unsal , IEEE
Xavier Vera , IEEE
Antonio González , IEEE Computer Society
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/L-CA.2006.12
Soft errors are an important challenge in contemporary microprocessors. Particle hits on the components of a processor are expected to create an increasing number of transient errors with each new microprocessor generation. In this paper we propose simple mechanisms that effectively reduce the vulnerability to soft errors in a processor. Our designs are generally motivated by the fact that many of the produced and consumed values in the processors are narrow and their upper order bits are meaningless. Soft errors caused by any particle strike to these higher order bits can be avoided by simply identifying these narrow values. Alternatively, soft errors can be detected or corrected on the narrow values by replicating the vulnerable portion of the value inside the storage space provided for the upper order bits of these operands. We offer a variety of schemes that make use of narrow values and analyze their efficiency in reducing soft error vulnerability of level-0 data cache of the processor.
Error Correction, Soft Errors, Narrow Values, Data Cache
Oguz Ergin, Osman Unsal, Xavier Vera, Antonio González, "Exploiting Narrow Values for Soft Error Tolerance", IEEE Computer Architecture Letters, vol.5, no. 2, pp. 12, July-December 2006, doi:10.1109/L-CA.2006.12